Objects are designed, sketched out, a pattern is  made if necessary and then the labor intensive process begins.

Step 1 > Cutting The Glass > Each piece of glass is hand-cut, then the glass is ground if necessary to shape it. In the stained glass game, each piece of glass has to fit together like a puzzle piece. If an object involves mirror, a mirror sealant is used to coat and seal each mirrored piece to protect it from turning black.


Step 2 > Copper Foiling > This is also known as the Tiffany method. Most of my work is done by using this technique. Glass edges are wrapped with copper foil tape and then burnished.



Step 2 > Leading > Pieces of came are cut to border each piece of glass

Step 3 > Soldering > Each piece is soldered together. Majority of stained glass out in the world is soldered with solder that contain lead. This is the traditional way and most common way of doing stained glass. The use of lead in stained glass causes very minimal risk and is not harmful to handle. It is only harmful if ingested or inhaled but it's always a good idea to wash your hands after handling as a precaution. Most of my pieces are made with 60/40 solder (60% tin, 40% lead) and pieces that are often handled like catch-alls are made with lead-free solder (99.3% tin, .7% copper). Pieces that contain lead are noted in product description. 


Step 4 > Finishing >  Glass is finished with either black patina or polished silver. When treated with black patina, the results are dark bronze to a dark gunmetal appearance not a true black. The finished object is then waxed and polished.